Cold, flu and RTIs
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Tonsillitis is swelling and infection of your tonsils, which are present towards the back of the mouth and protect the body against infection. The tonsils contain the infection and keep it from spreading.
A sore throat is an irritation and pain of the throat, that is more prominent when you swallow. Viral infection e.g. cold or flu, is the most common cause of a sore throat. For a throat infection of this type, it generally resolves on its own.
Bacteria sore throat is also known as strep throat. Strep infection, medically known as “streptococcal pharyngitis,” is a bacteria infection in throat and tonsils. Strep A throat infection is caused by a group of bacteria known as Streptococcus, with the most common culprit being Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as Group A Streptococcus. This type of infection will require antibiotic treatment.
Viral strep infections are often mistaken for bacterial strep throat due to similar symptoms, but they are caused by different pathogens
Sinusitis is when you get inflammation of the sinus lining. It usually results from a viral illness. You may have acute or chronic sinusitis if you experience frequent flare-ups of sinusitis, especially if they happen around the same time each year. Since it frequently develops right after an upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis is sometimes mistaken for the flu or a cold. Sinusitis is simple to overlook since its symptoms are so like those of the common cold and flu, but if untreated, it may be very uncomfortable.
Cold and Flu
Most of us would have suffered from common cold symptoms at some point in our lives. Symptoms generally includes blocked nose, cough, sore throat and a cold. Sore cold medicine treatment is normally is rest, paracetamol and to drink plenty of water. The best cold medications that can relieve symptoms quickly include over the counter liquids that have paracetamol with a decongestant e.g. guaifenesin.
Flu is a contagious viral infection of respiratory tract, caused by influenza viruses that infect the throat, nose and sometimes the lungs. Symptoms do come on quickly and can also result in fever and headaches. Symptoms tend to subside on there own, but it can make some people seriously ill. It’s important to get the flu vaccine if you are advised to. The UK flu strains change every year and hence the vaccines are adjusted accordingly.
Sometimes the flu infection/chest flu can turn into a bacterial infection resulting in a chest infection; this is when you would require antibiotic treatment.
Chest infection Symptoms and Treatment: Chest infections are a frequent ailment that commonly develops after a cold or the flu, especially during the winter months. Most chest infection symptoms only last a few days and clear up on their own, but more acute instances can lead to more significant health concerns.
Coughing typically lasts seven to ten days, although it can last up to three weeks. Symptoms can include pain in chest, coughing etc. When viruses or bacteria attack the airways or lungs, chest infections occur. Pneumonia and bronchitis are two of the most prevalent forms of respiratory infections. They can be caused by viruses or bacteria, and they are often transferred by breathing virus or bacterium particles that have been coughed or sneezed out by someone else. Chest infection pneumonia requires antibiotic treatment as this is due to a bacterial cause, where as bronchitis is generally caused by viruses so does not require antibiotic treatment.
Having a cold with chest pain may also be a sign for chest infection.