Symptoms of a sore throat:
Infection in throat symptoms typically includes a scratchy dry sore throat, you might also have:
- Pain in swallowing (swallowing hurts throat)
- Redness at the back of the throat
- Scratchy throat
- Inflamed throat
- Swollen glands (swollen throat)
- Bad breath
- White spots on the throat.
With viral infections the throat can be red, sore and tonsils can be swollen/inflamed. With strep bacterial infections, the symptoms can include red, sore and swollen tonsils with white spots being present. Sore throat swallowing can be quite painful, making it uncomfortable to eat or drink with bacterial and viral infections.
You may also experience other symptoms depending on the underlying cause of the sore throat:
- Blocked nose
- Muscle aches and pains
- Nausea and Vomiting
Causes of a sore throat:
Sore throat maybe the cause of the following:
- Cold or flu
- Glandular fever
- Chicken Pox
- Strep throat (streptococcal pharyngitis)
- Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
- Irritants e.g. smoke.
Sore throat treatment:
- Keep hydrated
- Rest your voice
- Gargle with warm salt water
- Eat soft foods
- Having plenty of sleep and rest
- Do not smoke yourself and avoiding smoky areas
- For sore throat medicine, this includes lozenges and throat sprays e.g. Strepsils, Tyrozets, Difflam.
Viral infections generally will resolve on their own.
If your sore throat is persisting after one week and you have fever associated as well, you may have a bacterial throat infection. If you are unsure, please book telephone or video consultation with our clinician who can help diagnose and prescribe strep treatment. Certain bacterial infections, such as strep throat tonsillitis, can result in painful throat symptoms that may require strep throat treatment or tonsilitis treatment.
If your immune system is compromised, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional, as individuals with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to complications arising from a sore throat
Call 999 and go to A and E if:
- Your symptoms are severe and worsening
- If you have difficulty breathing or swallowing
- You are coughing up blood
- You have chest pain
- If you are drooling
- High pitch sound when you breath (stridor).
If you suspect tonsillitis to be the cause of your sore throat, please click the link for more information: /product/tonsillitis/